The UK has now abolished all meat from its beef supply chain and replaced it with a system that is far more efficient and cost-effective, but which has been met with scepticism from animal welfare groups.
It has also set out a new system for introducing poultry breeds.
This is the second phase of the Government’s meat-free target.
Ahead of the meat-Free UK Day in October, the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs said it was “actively working on the details of a meat-by-product scheme”.
The scheme will see farmers switch to a new production method, which will mean “better value for money for consumers” and “the opportunity to reduce environmental impacts on livestock and land”.
However, there are concerns about the new system, which is not yet fully funded, and concerns about how farmers will be paid.
In order to be successful, the new method will have to be introduced by 2019, but there are many unanswered questions.
The new system will mean a shift from farming to animal agriculture, and the UK’s beef industry is already struggling to cope.
While there are a number of animal welfare organisations, including the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, who have welcomed the move, they have voiced concerns about farmers being paid a lower rate than other industries.
“We are concerned that farmers will not receive an adequate wage, which means the opportunity for them to invest in conservation and training will not be taken into account,” the RSPCA said in a statement.
More than 300,000 farmers across the UK will have their animals slaughtered in 2019, the highest ever number for a single year.
There are also fears that the new scheme could impact on livestock production in the UK.
Some farmers in the US and Germany, where the system is still in effect, are already facing difficulties with their livestock and other livestock products.
The Government said that the changes would be introduced “so as not to have a negative impact on the sustainability of the UK industry”.
“The Government’s new meat-based meat supply chain will reduce the number of animals slaughtered by the end of 2019, as well as ensure that meat production is not impacted on by the change,” the Department said in the statement.
“This will mean that animals will be able to continue to feed their families for longer and will have better quality meat, with the opportunity to improve environmental impact on land and wildlife.”
In a statement, the RPA said that farmers had told them that the Government was “over-delivering”, and that there was “not enough time” to implement the changes.
“We are disappointed with the lack of progress on the new meat supply system,” the statement read.
“In the short term, we have concerns that it will be a significant burden on the UK livestock industry.”